Breeds of dogs: Pekingese

Breeds of dogs: Pekingese

Origin, classification and history

Origin: China and Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.

The origins of the Pekingese (Pekingese - Pékinois - Pekinés) are remote and not very clear, even if there are many historical records in many eras. It is found portrayed on bronzes dating back to 2000 BC. It has always been considered a sacred and precious animal, so much so that the theft or killing of a Pekinese in ancient China was punished with death. In 1860, after the looting of the Summer Palace, only a few specimens of Pekingese were found alive (they should all have been killed so as not to fall into the hands of the enemy), which were brought to Great Britain: one of these imported canines was offered in gift to Queen Victoria of England. From that moment it had a huge success on the whole British island, which in fact has seen co-attributed paternity together with China. The breed was formerly selected with crooked limbs, precisely because it never strayed from the imperial palaces.

General aspect

It is a small, robust dog with a short neck and legs. Grooming is quite demanding. It is a classic "lap dog", born to live at home and to do very little movement. It is a very nice animal.


And a rather wary canine with strangers, to whom he grants only rare confidences. He became very fond of the master, but without showing it with great impetus. It is not an ideal dog for children, which it usually ignores. Loyal and obedient. He has a "lion" courage. It is exclusively a companion dog. Ideal dog for elderly or sedentary people, because it does not need a motorcycle. Rather cold temper. Breed to be kept exclusively at home. If you put on weight, you can have health problems. The eyes should be checked daily. Teeth should be cleaned often.

Pekingese - Wu Ting Fang of the Little Lions (photo website)

Pekingese - Wu Ting Fang of the Little Lions (photo website)

Pekingese (photo


Height: height at the withers not fixed by the standard (about 25 cm).
Weight: must be between 2 and 8 kg.

Trunk: short, compact.
Head and muzzle: strong, wider than high, with a corrugated front furrow. Deep stop. Wide, wrinkled muzzle with flat profile.
Black truffle.
Teeth: the jaw should not have deviations.
Neck: robust and strong.
Ears: heart-shaped, they fall with long hair fringes on the sides of the head.
Eyes: they are large, round, bright and slightly protruding.
Limbs: the forelegs are slightly divergent starting from the elbow.
Shoulder: of the right length, proportionate.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: placed high, rigid flow, slightly curved over the back, with abundant fringing.
Hair: long and straight, with abundant mane that extends that extends behind the shoulders forming a cape around the neck. Undercoat often.
Allowed colors: all colors and stains are allowed, with the exception of albino and liver color.
Most common defects: any deviation from the above must be considered a defect to be penalized according to its severity.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: 10 ECLECTIC CHINESE DOG BREEDS (October 2021).