Origin, classification and history
Origin: Czech Republic.
F.C.I classification: Group 3 - terrier.
The Cesky Terrier (Bohemian Terrier) is a newly formed breed. This breed was created in Bohemia and some authors have called it "a work of genetic engineering". It was dr. Horàk Frantisek of the Prague Institute of Physiology, expert in inheritance. He himself handed down to us how he managed to get this new singular breed. He was a breeder of "Scottish terrier" and "Sealyham Terrier", and in 1950, he decided to cross these two breeds. The product between these two breeds was a well-pigmented, less heavy terrier, with V-shaped ears, and with an intact tail. In 1979 the new breed was already in its twelfth generation. Partly by natural selection and partly by the intuition of this great breeder, he managed very well to establish the typical characteristics of the breed. The breed was officially recognized by the F.C.I. in the year 1963, and became part of the Terrier group. Some experts suspect the inclusion of other breeds in the formation of the Cesky terrier, but Horàk has always denied the use of these.
Small dog, dolichocephalic anacolymorph. Morphologically classified as a Lipoid type. Very harmonious and appreciable canine from the aesthetic point of view. It has excellent musculature in proportion to the size of the trunk. Skeleton of the right diameter. Very balanced and typical head. Typical terrier construction. Its trunk is of medium length and its rib cage is rather cylindrical. Its head is long, compatibly with the proportions of the dog. It has medium-sized eyes and ears.
The Cesky terrier, thanks to its size, has excellent predispositions and natural qualities for effective and profitable work both in the wild in the den and in outdoor hunting. While resting on short legs, it is very agile and resistant. In the fight with the wild and the harmful ones he is strong and tenacious, but not thoughtlessly aggressive. A preclara quality of the breed is the ease of its adaptation and, thanks to this, the Cesky terrier is also a pleasant companion for the home and children.
Cesky Terrier (photo www.bestinshowdaily.com)
Height: between 27 cm and 35 cm at the withers.
Weight: from 6 to 9 kg.
Trunk: medium length. The dorsal line flows straight and only moderately arched in the renal part. The rib cage is rather cylindrical and not very descent. The ideal chest circumference, measured behind the elbows, is 40-45 cm. The ribs are circled. The musculature of the kidney must have a length in harmony with the measurements of the trunk, be broad and moderately measured. The belly is rather broad and moderately retracted. The groin region is full. The rump is very developed, muscular, moderately depressed.
Head and muzzle: it is long compatibly with the proportions of the dog. Straight nasal bridge. The lips, fleshy in the right proportion, must adhere well. Nose-frontal depression not accentuated but visible. The frontal bone forms a well-defined angle with the longitudinal axis of the nasal bridge. The skull does not have to be wide. The zygomatic arches are slightly hinted. The scarcely marked frontal sulcus and the evident occipital protuberance. The masseters should not be too salient. Overall, the head depicts an obtuse, long and trunk-shaped parallelepiped, with corners that are not too open.
Truffle: well developed and of good shape. It can be black or liver-colored, corresponding to the color of the coat.
Teeth: strong jaws, with scissor or pincer teeth.
Neck: medium length, worn obliquely and proportionally robust. The skin is slightly loosened at the point of the throat, without however forming a dewlap.
Ears: medium-sized, hanging to completely cover the opening. Attached relatively high and fully adhere to the cheek. The auricle has the shape of a triangle with its shorter side at the point of folding.
Eyes: of medium size, rather sunken, with friendly expression. They are almost hidden by the fur that covers them. In the subjects with gray-blue coat the color of the eyes is black; in those with a gray-brown coat or light coffee milk, the color of the eyes can range from light brown to dark brown.
Limbs: the elbows are rather loose, but they must not be in or out. The anterior ones are in perpendicular and of robust structure. Rather large feet. Hindquarters with robust bone structure and well-muscled thigh. The hind feet are smaller than the front ones. The hind limbs are parallel to each other and their movement must be wide and loose.
Shoulder: muscular with well placed and mobile shoulder blade.
Gait: the movement of both front and rear limbs is loose and directed forward. The step and the trot are wide enough that the dog can easily follow the human step. The gallop is slow but long lasting. Great importance must be given to the regular construction of the limbs and their movement.
Musculature: well developed and evident.
Tail: 18-20 cm long and rather robust. It should not be attacked too high.
Hair: on the whole body it must be dense and shiny as silk. On the neck and back it must not be longer than 1½ cm.
Allowed colors: gray-blue or light brown-coffee. In both shades yellow, gray or white shades are allowed.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, short or pointed muzzle, weak teeth, truffle of a color different from that indicated by the standard, too large eyes, bovine eyes, entropion, ectropion, ears too long or too short, crooked limbs, thoracic circumference too large, back too much short, defective movement, defective position of the hind limbs, upturned tail or carried on the back, too soft or too hard hair, too large white spots, white tinge on the head, weak bone, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it